|Size||1,668 km2 ( 641 mi2 )|
|Location||Northern Tanzania, near the town of Moshi.|
|Getting There||128 km (80 miles) from Arusha, about one hour's drive from Kilimanjaro International Airport.|
Mount Kilimanjaro National Park is located 200 miles south of the Equator
and it is centered on Mount Kilimanjaro, the highest freestanding dormant
volcano in the world. The park was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO
in 1987. The ascent of the slopes is a virtual climatic world tour, from
the tropics to the Arctic.
Even before you cross the national park boundary (at the 2,700 metres contour), the cultivated footslopes give way to lush montane forest, inhabited by elusive elephant, leopard, buffalo, the endangered Abbot's duiker, and other small antelope and primates. Higher still lies the moorland zone, where a cover of giant heather is studded with magnificent giant lobelias. Above 4,000 metres, a surreal alpine desert supports little life other than a few hardy mosses and lichen. Then, finally, the last vestigial vegetation gives way to a winter wonderland of ice and snow - and the magnificent beauty of the roof of Africa.